Science and Technology 科学技术
here is a difference between science and technology.Science is a method of answering theoretical questions; technology is a method of solving practical problems. Science has to do with discovering the facts and relationships between observable phenomena in nature and with establishing theories that serve to organize these facts and relationships; technology has to do with tools,techniques, and procedures for implementing the findings of science.
Another distinction between science and technology has to do with the progress in each. Progress in science excludes the human factor. Scientists, who seek to comprehend the universe and know the truth with the highest degree of accuracy and certainty, cannot pay heed to their own or other people's likes or dislikes, or to popular ideas about the fitness of things. What scientists discover may shock or anger people--as did Darwin's theory of evolution. But even an unpleasant truth is more than likely to be useful; besides, we have the option of refusing to believe it! But hardly so with technology;we do not have the option of refusing to hear the sonic boom produced by a supersonic aircraft-flying overhead; we do not have the option of refusing to breathe polluted air. Unlike science, progress in technology must be our slave and not the reverse. The legitimate purpose of technology is to serve peopie--people in general, not merely some people; and future generations, not merely those who presently wish to gain advantage for themselves.
We are all familiar with the abuses of technology. Many people blame technology itself for widespread pollution, resource depletion and even social decay in general--so much so that the promise of technology is obscured. That promise is a cleaner and healthier world. If wise applications of science and technology do not lead to a better world, what else will?
另一种科学和技术之间的区别是关乎每个进展。科学进步排除人为因素。科学家，谁试图理解宇宙和认识与把握的准确性和程度最高的真理，不能留意自己或其他人的喜欢或不喜欢，或对事物的健身流行的想法。科学家们发现，可能触电或愤怒的人 - 象达尔文的进化论。但是，即使一个令人不快的真相更可能是有用的，而我们有拒绝相信的选择！但是，很难如此技术，我们没有拒绝听到爆音所产生的超音速飞机飞行的开销，我们没有拒绝呼吸污染的空气期权。与科学技术的进步必须成为我们的奴隶，而不是相反。该技术的合法的目的是为了peopie - 一般人，而不仅仅是一些人，和后代，而不仅仅是那些目前谁希望获得自己的优势。
我们都熟悉技术的滥用。许多人指责技术日益严重的污染，资源枯竭，甚至在一般的社会腐败本身 - 以至于技术的承诺是模糊了。这个承诺是一个更清洁，更健康的世界。如果明智的科学和技术的应用不会导致一个更美好的世界，还有什么会？